Table of Contents

LPDH Reference

Cartouches, Serechs and walls

MDC: Notice that the ending codes for cartouches, serechs and walls are not inverted in LPDH compared to the MDC. That is, the > character always preceeds the type specifier (1, 2 or 3) (>2 is used in LPDH instead of 2> in MDC).

Also, the horizontal lines specifier is much simpler in LPDH. Simple add an hyphen (-) to have the cartouches rendered with horizontal lines at the top and bottom.

Cartouches, Serechs and walls glyphs (starting and ending graphics) are special glyphs which not only display themselves (although no modifiers can apply to them) but also modify the line height for the quadrats they surround when they specify to show top and bottom horizontal lines (-).

Cartouches

The following examples cover all Cartouche types that can be formed:

code result description
<1 Aa8:X1*Z4 >2 Opened cartouche (no horizontal lines)
<2 Aa8:X1*Z4 >1 Inverted opened cartouche (no horizontal lines)
<1- Aa1:D43 I9 G43 >2 Closed cartouche (with horizontal lines)
<2- Aa1:D43 I9 G43 >1 Inverted closed cartouche (with horizontal lines)

Other combinations are technically possible, but are not used in the Egyptian hieroglyphic language.

Serechs

Serechs construction follows the same logic as cartouches. Only the start and end codes differ (they include an S)

The following examples cover all serech types that can be formed:

code result description
<S1 Aa8:X1*Z4 >S2 Opened serech (no horizontal lines)
<S2 Aa8:X1*Z4 >S1 Inverted opened serech (no horizontal lines)
<S1- Aa1:D43 I9 G43 >S2 Closed serech (with horizontal lines)
<S2- Aa1:D43 I9 G43 >S1 Inverted closed serech (with horizontal lines)

Walls

Again, as with Cartouches and Serechs, walls construction follows the same logic. Only the start and end codes differ (they include an H), and a third specifier (H3) to deal with the 3 types of walls that exist.

code result description
<H1 Aa8:X1*Z4 >H2 walls with bottom right square (specified with H2)
<H3 Aa8:X1*Z4 ;>H1 walls with top-left square (specified with H3)
<H2 Aa1:D43 >H1 walls with bottom-left square (specified with H2)
<H1 Aa1:D43 >H3 walls with top-right square (specified with H3)
<H1 Aa1:D43 >H1 walls without square (specified with H1 only)